“Life wouldn’t be funny if it isn’t tragic.” Tons of discoveries with a superhuman mind and support of a wheelchair, this statement was quoted by none other than Stephen Williams Hawking whose existence made the scientific experiments and realities possible to succeed in the next level. The proficient English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author born with a superhuman mind took his first breath on 8th January 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom. He was one of the greatest scientists of all the times who bestowed revolutionary contribution to the world in the field of Science and Physics.
His colossal discoveries provided the world the ocean of new realistic knowledge when he was in a wheelchair. Isn’t it distressing but stunning to hear? In 1962 AD, when he was arriving at Cambridge University for Ph.D., he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a degenerative motor disease that quickly robs the people of the ability to voluntarily move the muscles. He, including his family members, was devastated to hear that the living days of Stephen Hawking are not more but only two years.
Who else had thought a person who wasn’t strong enough to walk and talk who was unable to speak except only through a vocal synthesizer, can introduce the world with unexceptional realities and discoveries? Stephen Hawking was the one who introduced ‘Big Bang Theory’ stating that the black holes were predicted to emit thermal radiation. The next experiments and discoveries were further initiated after his prolonging theories and experiments. Hawking Radiation and Theory of Relativity are the few discoveries of Stephen Hawking which made further experiments related to them possible. He was always deeply dedicated to his discoveries and experimentations. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009.
Hawking was a fellow of the royal society (FRS), a lifetime member of the pontifical academy of sciences, and a recipient of the presidential medal of sciences, the highest civilian award in the United States. In 2002, Hawking was ranked number 25 in the BBC’s poll of the 100 greatest Britons.
As mentioned in BBC News published on 14th March 2018, Hawking’s discoveries were enlisted as follows:
With the Oxford mathematician Roger Penrose, he showed that if there was a Big Bang, it must have started from an infinitely small point- a singularity.
Black holes radiate energy known as Hawking radiation, while gradually losing mass. This is due to quantum effects near the edge of the black hole, a region called the event horizon.
He predicted the existence of mini-black holes at the time of the Big Bang. These black holes would have shed mass until they vanished, potentially ending their lives in an explosion that would release vast amounts of energy.
In the 1970s, Hawking considered whether the particles and light that enter a black hole were ultimately destroyed if the black hole evaporated. Hawking initially thought that this “information” was lost from the universe. But the US physicist Leonard Susskind disagreed. These ideas became known as the information paradox. In 2004, Hawking conceded that the information must be conserved.
‘A Brief History of Times’, a genre-defining book by Stephen Hawking, appeared in the British Sunday times was also one of his revolutionary works that were sold with more than 10m copies and had been translated into 35+ languages and it was also a best-seller list for a record-breaking 237 weeks. Stephen Hawking also gave his special appearance in movies and series like Star Trek: The Next Generation, The Simpsons, Red Dwarf, and The Big Bang Theory which bewitched the audience. ‘The Theory of Everything’, a 2014 film gave the world a sneak preview of Stephen Hawking’s biography portrayed by Eddie Redmayne making him win the Oscar. But alas, the great and brilliant mastermind took his last breath on 14th March 2018 with his revolutionary works and legacy remaining forever.