Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport (MOPIT) was established in 2000 to bring important infrastructural development under the umbrella of a single Ministry. The main aim of the organization is to harmonize the policies and bring efficiencies and effectiveness in the provision of infrastructural services.
The MOPIT is the central authority of the Government of Nepal charged with the responsibilities for enhancing the economic and social development of the country by linking various geographical and economic regions through the national strategic transport network. MOPIT is responsible for linking rural areas of the country with markets to support various economic activities and projects related to tourism, agricultural, electrical, industrial and other sectors of Nepal. Moreover, the key role of the Ministry lies with preparing plans, policies, and programs regarding development of physical infrastructures such as roadways, railways, waterways, subways, flyovers, and ropeways; Transport (except Air Transport) and transit management and its operation related plans, policies, and programs; its implementation; monitoring and evaluation; inspection.
Physical Infrastructure and Transport Minister remains at the Apex in the Ministry, whereas, bureaucratically it is headed by Physical Infrastructure and Transport Secretary. For practical purposes, the Ministry is further divided into various Divisions and Departments.